The feasibility of recycling is not the critical aspect of achieving a zero waste Europe, but actually the feasibility is determined by the economic driver to recover low concentration strategic metals. In June, a zero waste conference was held in Brussels and brought together industry experts interested in leading towards a zero waste Europe. The conference aimed to address the future EU roadmaps for zero-waste, looking to identify and address current obstacles and actions required to move Europe to a near-zero waste society for three key waste value chains: 1, ICT-waste (waste electrical and electronic equipment, WEEE), 2, End-of-Life vehicles (ELV), and 3, packaging waste. The conference’s objective was to obtain an insight into the key areas that should be focused on in order to significantly improve the efficiency of recycling in these three sectors. Bottlenecks preventing improvements to the recycling of ELVs, ICT and packaging were identified, and for all three topics some of the same bottlenecks arose. Primarily; performance of separation and sorting technology. There are many sophisticated designs and technology being demonstrated and operated for the chemical separation of materials. However, all these techniques run into the same issues – cost of separating raw materials from complex mixes. Physical separation of materials was identified as one of the corner stone processes which needs improving in order to create a big impact on recycling materials from packaging, WEEE and vehicles. For all the sophisticated processes, the operational costs are often the sticking point. Circular Economy designs and concepts need to be amalgamated with current legislation as well as migrating research and innovation policies to push for Circular Economy accomplishments. It has become apparent through decades of EC investment that there are multiple technologies and approaches capable of recycling mixed wastes and recover multiple materials (including rare earth elements). However, often is the case that these processes are not economically viable in the current metals market. A process adopting a more synergistic approach optimising collection, sorting, pre-treatment and development of the secondary metals market is required.